Emergency Preparedness Plan

To keep workers safe, a comprehensive emergency preparedness plan is essential. To be effective, the plan must be well designed and understood by all workers. Although the main goal is to protect workers, the emergency plan also protects the business. According to the American Red Cross (2007), one in four businesses do not reopen after a major disaster such as a flood, tornado, or earthquake. A risk assessment can help an employer prepare for disasters that are likely to occur in a geographic area. “Understanding the potential risks that are likely in certain location allows a company to create a workplace emergency plan that encompasses all risks but gives extra attention to the disasters that are most likely to occur in its area” when
disaster strikes during business hours; it is critical for management and employees alike to follow the emergency plan and remain calm.

An emergency response planning committee should be established in the worksite with representation from all divisions and departments, along with key community emergency response agencies. A written plan is essential as response will vary based on the type of emergency encountered. For example, fires require all employees to evacuate buildings quickly. During an earthquake, evacuation is not recommended as it may contribute to injuries; instead, employees should drop to the ground and cover their head and neck with hands and arms.
In some instances, such as a workplace violence episode or tornado, employees may need to shelter in place; these locations should be clearly marked.
A plan for the care and movement of employees and visitors, including those with disabilities or those who may need extra time to evacuate, must also be developed.
Emergency supplies should be available and include first aid kits, fire extinguishers, respirators, emergency protective clothing, blankets, water, and alternate communication devices such as weather radios, two-way radios, and charged cell phones. After the emergency, used supplies and equipment must be replaced. Periodic training about the emergency preparedness plan and mock drills will reinforce employees’ responsibilities in an actual emergency.


Steps to an Emergency Plan



Actions taken to avoid an incident.  Stopping an incident from occurring.  Deterrence operations and surveillance.


Measures that prevent an emergency, reduce the chance of an emergency happening or damaging effects. 


Preparedness measures include developing understanding, training for both response personnel and concerned citizens.


Actions carried out immediately before, during, and immediately after a hazard impact, which are aimed at saving lives.


Actions taken to return a community to normal or near-normal conditions and the repair of all damages.


Check is meant to represent checking for anything that may be unsafe…..


It is always important to ‘call’ emergency personnel or local authorities regardless of the situation. …

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