Material Handling ISO14489
Material handling is the movement, protection, storage and control of materials and products throughout manufacturing, warehousing, distribution, consumption and disposal & Inventory management and control. As Per ISO 14489 Refinance
Q.Are adequate equipment available for handling materials?
Material Handling is the process of moving goods and materials short distances within a building, factory, facility, or warehouse. To conduct this process of material handling, there is a wide range of material handling equipment. You can keep material handling equipment as per your factory or warehouse needs. Here is a list of material handling equipment –
- Racks:, Stacking frames, Shelves, Bins and drawers, Mezzanines:
- Automated Storage and Retrieval Systems (AS/RS), Conveyor systems:, Robotic delivery systems, Automatic guided vehicles
- Hand trucks, Pallet jacks, Pallet trucks, Walkie stackers, Platform trucks, order piker, Sideloader, Automatic guided vehicles,
- Conveyor belts, Stackers, Reclaimers, Bucket elevators Grain elevators, Hopper, Silos
Material Handling is an essential component of any successful warehouse. The reason being, a proper materials handling protocol will prevent accidents and improve the efficiency of your facility
Q. Do the employees know the hazards associated with manual material handling?
Ans. In addition to training and education, applying general safety principles—such as proper work practices, equipment, and controls—can help reduce workplace accidents involving the moving, handling, and storing of materials. Whether moving materials manually or mechanically, your employees should know and understand the potential hazards associated with the task at hand and how to control their workplaces to minimize the danger.
Because numerous injuries can result from improperly handling and storing materials, workers should also be aware of accidents that may result from unsafe or improper handling of equipment as well as from improper work practices. In addition, workers should be able to recognize the methods for eliminating—or at least minimizing—the occurrence of such accidents. Employers and employees should examine their workplaces to detect any unsafe or unhealthful conditions, practices, or equipment and take corrective action.
Q. Where manual handling is necessary, are the employees been trained? Do they practice this? Are employees warned for the lifting excessive weight?
(Maximum weight of material for adult male and female are 55 Kg and 30 Kg respectively)
A. OSHA recommends that employers establish a formal training program to teach workers how to recognize and avoid materials handling hazards. Instructors should be well-versed in safety engineering and materials handling and storing. The training should reduce workplace hazards by emphasizing the following factors:
- Dangers of lifting without proper training.
- Avoidance of unnecessary physical stress and strain.
- Awareness of what a worker can comfortably handle without undue strain.
- Use of equipment properly.
- Recognition of potential hazards and how to prevent or correct them
Q. Do employees follow safe procedures for storage of materials?
A. When moving materials manually, workers should attach handles or holders to loads. In addition, workers should always wear appropriate personal protective equipment and use proper lifting technique always follow safety rules
Q. Is the register maintained to record particulars of examination of all lifting machines, tools and tackles?
A. The Chief Inspector may, for reasons to be recorded in writing, require recertification of lifting machines, lifting tackles, pressure plant or ventilation system, as the case may be, which has been certified by a competent of examination of all lifting machines, tools and tackles. As per factory act 1948.
Q. Are all the statutory examinations and tests carried out and certified by competent person(s)?
A. Inspections and checks should be made on a regular basis, often weekly, but this may be on a monthly or quarterly basis (eg the checks undertaken by an operator on their crane) employers should ensure that lifting equipment is thoroughly examined (normally once or twice a year but, in some cases, this may be more or less frequent)
Q. Are the crane operators adequately qualified?
Ans. In addition, OSHA requires lift directors to be both competent and qualified, or a competent person assisted by at least one qualified person, when performing multiple cranes lifts.
Q. Is the safe working load clearly marked?
A. The maximum permissible safe working load of the crane in extreme positions of boom shall be clearly and visibly marked on each side of the crane jib. The markings shall be easily read by the riggers.
Q. Has the person employed to operate crane, forklift, or to give signals to crane been medically examined for eyesight and colour vision?
A. No person shall be employed to operate a crane, locomotive or forklift truck, or to give signals to a crane or locomotive operator unless his eyesight and color vision have been examined and declared fit by a qualified ophthalmologist to work whether with or without the use of corrective glasses
Q. Is the frequency of eyesight and colour vision examination, at least once in every period of 12 months up to the age of 45 years and once in every six months beyond that age?
A. In the years after you turn 45, a number of eye diseases may develop that can change your vision gradual decline in focusing ability by holding reading material farther away from your eyes.
This includes knowing how to safely and effectively use automated equipment such as conveyors common hazards that employees are exposed to.