The purpose of a What-If Analysis is to identify hazards, hazardous situations, or specific event sequences that could produce undesirable consequences.

An experienced group of people identifies possible abnormal situations,

The method can involve examination of possible deviations from the design, construction, modification, or operating intent.

ECO Safetech Can analyse What-If Analysis.


What-If Analysis is the process of changing the values in cells to see how those changes will affect the outcome of formulas on the worksheet. Three kinds of What-If Analysis tools come with Excel: Scenarios, Goal Seek, and Data Tables. Scenarios and Data tables take sets of input values and determine possible results. The “What-if” approach to assessing risk can be a simple and effective means of better understanding risk and its effects. For fatalities and serious incidents experienced within an organization, the use of the question “what-if” prior to the incidents may have help prevent or reduce the impact of the results. “What-if” is an important tool for the safety professional to identify and analyze the risk sources, potential causes, conditions, consequences, and controls. The traditional What-if Analysis method is typically a team-based, qualitative method that incorporates brainstorming “what-if” questions of a system to determine what can go wrong in a given scenario. What-if analysis, using a cross-functional team, questions and discusses the potential hazards and their effects on the systems. Methods as What-if analysis and Structured What-if Risk Assessment can be powerful tools in identifying, assessing, and communicating risk within an organization.

Baseline Data Development

Establish Requirements

Develop Activity Definition

Characterize systems and facilities

Process Hazard Screening

Use Comprehensive checklists

Apply to each Operation/System/Facility

Identify Applicable Hazards

Perform Hazard Analysis

Develop Hazard Analysis Tables

Identify important controls

Perform Preliminary Ranking of Controls

Design Basis Accident Analysis

 Probabilistic Analysis of  Accidents

Quantify Frequency and Accidents

Identification of Most Significant Controls

A What-If Analysis is similar to a HAZOP, but less structured and often moves faster. However, it also requires a greater understanding of the process. What If Analysis being one of the qualitative techniques; it is a structured brainstorming method of determining what things can go wrong and judging the likelihood and consequences of those situations occurring.At each step in the procedure or process, “What If” questions are asked and answers are generated.
The review team then makes judgments regarding the likelihood and severity of the “What-If” answers. If the risk indicated by those judgments is unacceptable, then a recommendation is made by the team for further action. The completed analysis is then summarized and prioritized, and responsibilities are assigned.
We provide Team Leaders (facilitators) and Scribes (recording secretaries) as well as software to record and organize the study.
It is carried out as per the following steps:
  1. Developing What-if Questions
  2. Identifying the Causes
  3. Identifying the Consequences for each cause
  4. Assessing the Risk
  5. Evaluating existing Safeguards
  6. Giving Recommendations (If available safeguards are not adequate)
  7. Assigning Responsibilities